Varn Kise Kahate Hain Significance in Hindi Language

Understanding “Varn”: What They Are and Their Significance in Hindi Language


In the realm of linguistics, the term “Varn” holds a significant place, especially in the context of languages like Hindi. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of what “Varn” is, why it is essential, and how it plays a pivotal role in the structure of Hindi language.

What are “Varn”?

In Hindi, the term “Varn” refers to the basic units of speech sounds. These are further categorized into two main types: “Swar” and “Vyanjan.” Let’s explore these in detail.

1. Swar (Vowels):

“Swar” constitutes the vowels in Hindi. These are the sounds produced without any obstruction of airflow by the speech organs. In Hindi, there are 11 primary vowels, each having a distinct sound. The vowels are crucial in forming the foundation of words and expressions.

The 11 vowels in Hindi are:

  1. अ (a)
  2. आ (aa)
  3. इ (i)
  4. ई (ee)
  5. उ (u)
  6. ऊ (oo)
  7. ऋ (ri)
  8. ए (e)
  9. ऐ (ai)
  10. ओ (o)
  11. औ (au)

Understanding the nuances of each vowel is fundamental for accurate pronunciation and comprehension in Hindi.

2. Vyanjan (Consonants):

“Vyanjan” refers to consonants in Hindi. These are speech sounds where the airflow is partially or completely obstructed. In Hindi, there are 33 consonants, each with its unique sound. These consonants play a crucial role in shaping the structure of words.

The 33 consonants in Hindi are:

  1. क (ka)
  2. ख (kha)
  3. ग (ga)
  4. घ (gha)
  5. ङ (nga)
  6. च (cha)
  7. छ (chha)
  8. ज (ja)
  9. झ (jha)
  10. ञ (nya)
  11. ट (ṭa)
  12. ठ (ṭha)
  13. ड (ḍa)
  14. ढ (ḍha)
  15. ण (ṇa)
  16. त (ta)
  17. थ (tha)
  18. द (da)
  19. ध (dha)
  20. न (na)
  21. प (pa)
  22. फ (pha)
  23. ब (ba)
  24. भ (bha)
  25. म (ma)
  26. य (ya)
  27. र (ra)
  28. ल (la)
  29. व (va)
  30. श (sha)
  31. ष (ṣa)
  32. स (sa)
  33. ह (ha)

Understanding the combination of these consonants is vital for forming words and expressing oneself effectively in Hindi.

The Significance of “Varn” in Hindi Language:

  1. Word Formation: The combination of Swar and Vyanjan is integral in forming words. Each word in Hindi is a harmonious blend of these basic speech sounds.
  2. Phonetic Clarity: Proper knowledge and usage of “Varn” ensure phonetic clarity. It helps in avoiding mispronunciations and misunderstandings during communication.
  3. Script Understanding: Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, heavily relies on “Varn.” A comprehensive understanding of these speech sounds is crucial for reading and writing in Hindi.

How “Varn” Are Taught:

Teaching “Varn” is a fundamental step in learning Hindi. Various methods are employed to ensure effective learning and retention:

  1. Mnemonic Devices: Mnemonic devices are often used to associate each “Varn” with a memorable image or phrase. This aids learners in recalling and differentiating between the sounds.
  2. Interactive Learning: Interactive learning tools, such as audio-visual aids and interactive apps, make the process engaging and enjoyable. These tools provide a multi-sensory experience that enhances comprehension.
  3. Repetition and Practice: Like any language skill, mastering “Varn” requires consistent practice and repetition. Exercises and drills focused on pronunciation are commonly used to reinforce learning.

Common Challenges in Learning “Varn”:

  1. Phonetic Differences: Learners, especially those from non-Hindi-speaking backgrounds, may find it challenging to grasp certain phonetic nuances unique to Hindi.
  2. Script Complexity: The Devanagari script, with its intricate characters, can pose a challenge for beginners. Familiarity with the script is essential for effective communication.
  3. Dialectical Variations: Hindi, being a diverse language, exhibits dialectical variations. Learners may encounter differences in pronunciation and usage based on regional influences.

FAQs About “Varn”:

Q1. What is the difference between “Swar” and “Vyanjan”?

A1. “Swar” refers to vowels, which are sounds produced without any obstruction of airflow. “Vyanjan” refers to consonants, where the airflow is partially or completely obstructed.

Q2. How many vowels and consonants are there in Hindi?

A2. Hindi has 11 vowels (Swar) and 33 consonants (Vyanjan).

Q3. How are “Varn” taught to beginners?

A3. Mnemonic devices, interactive learning tools, and consistent practice are common methods for teaching “Varn” to beginners.

Q4. What challenges do learners face in mastering “Varn”?

A4. Common challenges include phonetic differences, the complexity of the Devanagari script, and variations in dialects.


In conclusion about Varn kise kahate hain, “Varn” is the cornerstone of the Hindi language, playing a pivotal role in word formation, pronunciation, and overall linguistic expression. Understanding and mastering these basic speech sounds are essential for effective communication in Hindi. Whether you are a language enthusiast or a learner embarking on a journey into Hindi, a solid grasp of “Varn” will undoubtedly enhance your proficiency in this rich and vibrant language. Happy learning!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *